With only 180,000 km² (69500 square miles), Uruguay is one of the smallest countries in South America, lies in the south-eastern part of the South American continent and borders two big neighbours: Brazil and Argentina. In the south, Uruguay has access to the Atlantic Ocean and many hundreds of miles of wonderful sandy beaches.
Only about 3.3 million people live in Uruguay, roughly half of them in the state capital, Montevideo. The vast majority of today's Uruguayans are descendants of Europeans, especially from Spain and Italy. Unfortunately, the Europeans wiped out the Guaraní quickly, so that today only less than 10% of Uruguayans have indigenous ancestors. About 4% of the population are descendants of slaves abducted from Africa.
Montevideo is often referred to as the “little sister” of Buenos Aires and compared to this city. The old majestic buildings and the large parks are somewhat similar, but Montevideo is much more relaxed and less hectic. The many magnificent colonial buildings from the time of the Spanish and Portuguese conquest give the city its very special charm.
Montevideo is also one of the most important ports in South America, as well as the economic and cultural center of the country and is known for its interesting museums, theatres and concert halls, music festivals, international exhibitions and countless fascinating markets.The Uruguayans are generally very open and always in a party mood, which is why the nightlife is diverse and in Montevideo you’ll find countless bars, restaurants, discos and trendy clubs. You may be surprised to read that Uruguay is one of the most developed countries in Latin America with a very high quality of life.
The climate in Uruguay is pleasant all year round. In the north, there is subtropical climate, in the south around Montevideo, visitors encounter a more temperate climate. The climatic conditions are similar to those in southern France or northern Spain - nice weather with clearly defined seasons.
Tourism plays an important role in Uruguay and the industry is actively supported. The fact that the country is quite small, brings the advantage that all attractions are relatively easy to reach.
Culturally, the Uruguayans have a lot in common with their neighbours, the Argentines. Their dialect, culture and food are very similar.